default nfs version in rhel 8 is version 4
dnf -y install nfs-server nfs-utils
most probably the nfs-utils package is there on your server already.
ensure nfs server starts up automatically
systemctl enable --now nfs-server
firewall-cmd --add-service=nfs --add-service=rpc-bind --add-servicemountd --permanent
add directories to share on the nfs server
file controlling the exports is /etc/exports
check out the man page for exports for more details
example content for /etc/exports file (pasted from the exports man page)
# sample /etc/exports file
/ master(rw) trusty(rw,no_root_squash)
/usr *.local.domain(ro) @trusted(rw)
/srv/www -sync,rw server @trusted @external(ro)
/foo 2001:db8:9:e54::/64(rw) 192.0.2.0/24(rw)
The first line exports the entire filesystem to machines master and trusty. In addition to write access, all uid squashing is turned off for host trusty. The second and third entry show examples for wildcard hostnames and netgroups (this is the entry `@trusted'). The fourth line shows the entry for the PC/NFS client discussed above. Line 5 exports the public FTP directory to every host in the world, executing all requests under the nobody account. The insecure option in this entry also allows clients with NFS implementations that don't use a reserved port for NFS. The sixth line exports a directory read-write to the machine 'server' as well as the `@trusted' netgroup, and read-only to netgroup `@external', all three mounts with the `sync' option enabled. The seventh line exports a directory to both an IPv6 and an IPv4 subnet. The eighth line demonstrates a character class wildcard match.
mount nfs shared directories on your machine
you’ve got 2 options – root mount, and directory mount.
root mount – if you mount the / of the nfs server, then all the shared directories with you will appear in this mount.
otherwise you may check what directories are shared with you using:
showmount --exports <server_address>
now mount them individually using the mount command
notes for adding an entry in the fstab
version may be specified using the nfsvers= argument
important – remember to add the _netdev to the options to mount the nfs share after the networking has started on the machine, else…
example /etc/fstab entry for a nfs share
nfshost:/ /nfs-share nfs defaults,_netdev 0 0
resolving permissions issue while using nfs
try chown‘ing the nfs shared directories to nobody
monitoring nfs server
nfsstat and nfsiostat